The Weekend Word
The continuing comparison of Jesus to the angels
6 And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God’s angels worship him.”
- Alludes to Psalm 89:27 – “And I will make him the firstborn,the highest of the kings of the earth.”
- Firstborn is not an order, but it is a title.
- If they were familiar with their Greek OT they would see what the author is doing.
- Deut 32:43 (LXX) “Rejoice, ye heavens, with him, and let all the angels of God worship him; rejoice ye Gentiles, with his people…”
- Angels worship God – so by extension, worship Jesus.
7 Of the angels he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.”
- Direct quote of Psalm 104:4 – angels winds = spirits
- The role of angels = servants – messengers – they have an important role
- But they are created beings – Jesus created all things visible and invisible.
8 But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom.
- Psalm 45:6-7 –
- Again we are back to the throne.
- The scepter is owned by the one who sits on the throne.
- Scepter = A staff held by a sovereign as an emblem of authority.
- Angels have no such authority – they are created beings.
9 You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions.”
- What is the “oil of gladness”?- The Holy Spirit
10 And, “You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands; 11 they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment,
- Quote from Psalm 102:25-27 – to bring out Jesus’ eternality.
- God / Jesus is the creator and is eternal – supremacy over creation
- Created things, including angels will perish.
- Wear out like garments = hey, these people didn’t own much more.
- We would say like your car, microwave, computer etc.
12 like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will have no end.”
- Psalmist is talking about God – which is now being applied to Jesus.
- Everything that can be said about God is said and applies to Jesus.
- Jesus is the God of the OT
- Verse 10 is “In the beginning”
- Verses 11-12 is “In Eternity”
13 And to which of the angels has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”?
- Psalm 110:1
- This psalm is the most quoted in the NT – 8 times.
- So, to which of the angels did God say this? NONE – this is the required answer.
- Where is Jesus today? At the right hand, in his word, in your baptism and in the bread and the wine.
- Mark 12:35-37 “And as Jesus taught in the temple, he said, “How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36 David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared,
- “‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.”’
37 David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son?” And the great throng heard him gladly.
14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?
- Ministering spirits – guardian angels? Is one assigned each time a new Christian is converted?
- The difference between sit and stand.
- Angels are servants – they stand in the presence of God
- Rev 8:2 – “Then I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.”
- Luke 1:19 – “And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news.”
- Standing as ready to serve – ready to go
- Not standing as in an honored position
- The comparison – Jesus sits in a stately royal position – the angels are described as no more than servants.
So what can we take away from this passage?
- The quotes from the OT allow the author to prove from the OT that Jesus is vastly superior to the angels.
- To show that the Old Covenant era of redemptive history is over and a new period of redemptive history “these last days” is here through Jesus Christ.
- Who created the angels and directs their actions?
- Jesus is vastly superior to all character in the OT – whether it is angels, or Moses or Israel’s prophets – even Abraham.
- It just shows that the prophets of old, all pointed to Jesus and “these last days.”
- It’s all about inheritance – what Jesus has inherited from the father is ours in that we are in Christ.