XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates
THE Queen’s Majesty hath the chief power in this realm of England and other her dominions, unto whom the chief government of all estates of this realm, whether they be ecclesiastical or civil, in all causes doth appertain, and is not nor ought to be subject to any foreign jurisdiction.
Where we attribute to the Queen’s Majesty the chief government, by which titles we understand the minds of some slanderous folks to be offended, we give not to our princes the ministering either of God’s word or of sacraments, the which thing the Injunctions also lately set forth by Elizabeth our Queen doth most plainly testify: but only that prerogative which we see to have been given always to all godly princes in Holy Scriptures by God himself, that is, that they should rule all estates and degrees committed to their charge by God, whether they be temporal, and restrain with the civil sword the stubborn and evil-doers. The Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in this realm of England.
The Laws of the Realm may punish Christian men with death for heinous and grievous offences.
It is lawful for Christian men at the commandment of the Magistrate to wear weapons and serve in the wars.
It is kind of a mind blower to me how offensive the concepts of this article would be to most today. One, in particular, the clear and loud proclamation that “Rome hath no jurisdiction in this realm…” J. C. Ryle says, “I ask anyone to explain how any English clergy can be acting consistently, if he does not oppose, denounce, expose, and resist Popery in every shape, either within the Church, or without.” This was a big deal then. It is not anymore. I wonder why?